How did we do? Well, it has been a mixed bag. Our interest in keeping the solution cross platform quickly ran aground as we faced the difficulty in getting the more entrenched RPG programmers to embrace Java as well as finding Java programmers who were comfortable in the System i world. We also got some push back from customers who also did not have the Java programming resources to grow and enhance the solution. We also began to use, through the hiring of an individual, an ILE RPG CGI framework that would be more “comfortable” for the RPG programmers to use and be more productive. This two pronged approach was completely wrong for a host of reasons and has hampered, IMHO, the overall solution. The business model we used, using support revenue to fund the development of an Open Source solution is actually a good one and has been successful overall. Had those resources been more carefully managed, matching development costs more closely to the revenue model, it would have been an excellent way to grow the overall effort.

Focusing on the development approach: We completely underestimated the effort required to build a web application. I don’t care whether it is written in Java or ILE RPG, the skill set needed to develop a UI using HTML, CSS and Javascript plus backend business logic and framework components completely overwhelmed our programming staff. It was recommended very early on that we hire at least two “HTML Monkeys” (as one programmer called them) to offload the UI to folks with the proper orientation to UI. That recommendation was never followed but would have saved countless hours of programmer time. I honestly don’t think a programmer should be designing a UI in a web solution. Period. I also don’t see any more productivity in either ILE RPG or Java (the only two programming languages we used). If the programmers could have focused on writing business logic and enhancing the framework, rather than designing UI, we would have been much better off.

If I was starting out today with the same code base and the same goals, I would do the following:

  1. Use HATS to get a web interface in front of the customer NOW. I would do this because the lengthy wait for a completed solution led to some attrition in the customer base. Better to have a transitional technology in front of the customer now to hold their attention rather than to try to hold them with promises. HATS was not mature enough in 2002 and the System i not yet powerful enough to make HATS a viable solution at the time. It is ready for prime time now.
  2. Decide on a single programming language and go with it. Personally, I like the idea of Java on System i because it makes a solution potentially portable to other platforms while leading with the strengths of System i. However, ILE RPG is a “natural” for the System i and many folks who are already on i are more comfortable writing RPG code. Naturally, RPG will be more productive for RPG programmers and Java more productive for Java programmers (duh!). But there is nothing inherently more productive about either language (although the OO nature of Java might lead to more productivity over time, IMHO).
  3. Find a framework that is productive. Tough call here and this is where the “missing link” comes in, particularly for RPG programmers. IBM provides no tools or frameworks in RPG that made the move to the web easier. CGIDEV2 was a community response to that deficit,and a good one, but this deficit in in IBM supplied RPG web frameworks still remains. When I look at other tool providers, the successful ones who had proprietary languages that did text based applications migrated their tools to the Windows UI and then on to the web. Microsoft in particular did a great job with this, moving Basic to Visual Basic to VB.NET. Yes, very different languages but MS at least developed the solution (or bought it) and got it in front of their developers. IBM got with the Windows GUI program with Visual Age RPG but then when the web appears they did … ? I am mystified that IBM who fully “owns” RPG and clearly saw the web as the next UI wave simply froze and did nothing to enhance the language to easily get applications to the web. What were they thinking?

We have an awesome platform, loyal customers, and a cadre of programmers just dying to cut their teeth on an IBM supplied, leading edge, ILE RPG based web framework. Where is that web framework, now 12 years after the popular advent of the Internet? That is the missing link. A “link” sorely needed as the platform struggles to maintain market share.

There are many, many other lessons learned from this experience and I am certainly ready and will to share them. Feel free to chime in.

About David:
David is a Principal Software Engineer for PTC, Integrity Business Unit. He cut his teeth on the S/36 and has more than 25 years of experience on the IBM i / System i / iSeries / AS400. He primarily works in Java and ILE RPG specializing in cross platform integrations. David has received the COMMON Distinguished Service award and was named an IBM Power Systems Champion. David is an active volunteer with the American Diabetes Association's Tour de Cure fundraising bike ride. He is currently captain of Team RED Chicago. David runs and maintains His personal blog is Geeky Ramblings.