NOTE: The following is an OPINION and does not have any bearing on how easy or hard a particular language / application is to use.
Those of you who follow the midrange.com lists probably are aware that I’m not a big fan of application code generators.
This includes (but is not limited to) …
- Case Tools (AS/SET, Synon, etc)
- SQL Pre-processors (RPG SQL, COBOL SQL, etc)
- JSP (to a limited extent)
- Various 3rd party application generators
The reason is simple … the code you write is not the code that executes.
In all the cases, you write in some form intermediary language … which then gets translated into a different language source code which ultimately gets compiled and/or executed.
- AS/SET & Synon translate into RPG (or COBOL).
- EGL gets translated into Java and/or COBOL.
- SQL RPG & COBOL gets translated into RPG & COBOL (but not the SAME code you wrote).
- JSP gets translated into Java.
So what’s the problem with this?
- In most cases, the generated code is extraordinarily complex and convoluted. This makes it very difficult (if not impossible) to debug directly.
- If the code generator changes in a significant way, your application could generate totally different code … which, in a good development organization, would necessitate a full regression test of the application to ensure it still functions the way it did before.
- Often, you are tied to the tool that you used to develop the application … you will need that tool to make any future modifications to the code (assuming the company exists and the tool is still supported).
- Many code generators use their own code repository … which makes it difficult to integrate with change control systems.
- The generated code is often not very modern.
- RD for Power can’t seem to cope with RPG SQL very well (I assume the same is true for COBOL SQL) …
- If generation time errors are encountered during the compile, the errors are not reported correctly.
- If you have a syntax error during the actual compile phase, the line number that RD Power picks up does not correspond to the source code you submitted for compile.
- Although it’s possible to have the source code saved during the generation phase, I’ve had problems with file member locks if I try to RD for Power reference that source member.
Many people will argue that using a code generator is faster & easier than writing an application from scratch thus allowing you to spend more time concentrating on the business logic instead of the language details … which is true … but in order to be able to debug flaws the business logic, you’re going to need to know the generated language.
Another thing to consider: code generators shield you from the real programming language … and your skills in the programming language might (and probably will) suffer. You won’t necessarily always have the code generator available … at which point you’ll have to fall back to your original programming skills, which might have atrophied.
Granted, sometimes there’s no other option …
- You really have no other options if you want to write RPG SQL code. When you compile, I suggest you include *ALL debug views, so you can switch to the list view to see when the SQL CLI is invoked (although you still won’t get a clear idea of what SQL is being executed).
- JSP generates Java … but there’s an option to keep the java source that’s generated, so you can debug it directly. And the generated Java is fairly closely aligned with the JSP itself.
- EGL provides a very robust development environment, including debugger, that allows you to debug the written code instead of the generated code … but you need the tool perform the debugging and (I think) you can’t use a 3rd party JPDA debugger.
Now some might argue that a code ‘wizard’ is a code generator also … but I disagree. Wizards are supposed to give you a good starting point in the specific language … they are, at least in my experience, next to useless when it comes to ongoing maintenance.
What’s the alternative? Well, I would suggest that you invest in a developing a good framework for your system that doesn’t rely on code generators (wherever possible), build it with modern programming techniques, and heavily leverage modularization, so you have a good base to start with.
David is a Principal Software Engineer for PTC, Integrity Business Unit. He cut his teeth on the S/36 and has more than 25 years of experience on the IBM i / System i / iSeries / AS400. He primarily works in Java and ILE RPG specializing in cross platform integrations. David has received the COMMON Distinguished Service award and was named an IBM Power Systems Champion. David is an active volunteer with the American Diabetes Association's Tour de Cure fundraising bike ride. He is currently captain of Team RED Chicago. David runs and maintains midrange.com. His personal blog is Geeky Ramblings.